M.V. Sablin. Epigravettian site yudinovo: mammoth and man

 

 

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M.V. Sablin - Zoological Institute of the Russian academy of Sciences, Universitetskaya naberezhnaya, 1, 199034, St. Petersburg, Russia E-mail: msablin@yandex.ru ORCID: 0000-0002-2773-7454

 

УДК 902/904
DOI: 10.31250/2658-3828-2019-1-108-127

 

Abstract: The article presents the results of studies of the wooly mammoth remains from the Upper Paleolithic site of Yudinovo which because of its unique stratigraphy is a reference site for this region. In total 10 746 animal bones found in the cultural layers were identified. Taphonomical and archaeozoological analyzes demonstrate that mammoths remains resulted from hunting activities of the Yudinovo people. Basically animal carcasses were processed directly at the settlement. This supports the suggestion about existence of mammoth oriented hunting in some groups of the Upper Paleolithic hunter-gatherers. It can be argued that such kind of hunting was possible due to the relatively small size of local animals. The estimation of the mammoth age at death gives strong evidence for seasonal character of the Yudinovo settlement which obviously was occupied from September to May. So called “dwellings” which had circular or oval shape 4–9,5 m in diameter were constructed using large number of mammoth bones. Evidently these monumental constructions were an important part of the complex socio-symbolic system of the Upper Paleolithic hunter-gatherers.

Keywords: Yudinovo site, Epigravettian, osteological material, mammoth, hunting, archaeozoology.

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