N.B. Akhmetgaleeva. Upper Paleolithic sites of Byki in the center of the Russian Plain: cultural component**

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N.B. Akhmetgaleeva - Kurchatov Museum of Local Lore, Mololezhnaya Ulitsa, 6, Kurchatov, 307251, Russia.
E-mail: achmetga@mail.ru.
ORCID: 0000-0003-3696-6360

 

УД К 902/904
DOI: 10.31250/2658-3828-2019-1-18-35 

 

Abstract: The paper is focused on the study of cultural components of the Byki Upper Paleolithic sites’ complex located in the center of the Eastern Europe in the Seim River basin. The radiocarbon uncalibrated dates for the Byki sites are between 18 000 and 15 000 BP. The sites were used by the Upper Paleolithic human groups as short-term camps. Their fauna is characterized by dominance of the ungulate and the fur game species, while the most known LGM sites in the center of the Eastern Europe and in the Seim river basin demonstrate clear prevalence of the mammoth fauna. The materials from the Byki 1, 2, 3, 7 (cultural layers I, Ib, Ia and Ic) are ascribed to the Byki archaeological culture which is characterized by presence of geometric microliths (triangles). The flint industry of the other Byki sites is based on burins and backed bladelets / microblades which is characteristic for this chronological period in the area.

Keywords: European Late Upper Paleolithic, Byki sites, Byki archaeological culture, geometric microliths.

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