S.A. Vasilyev. Epigravettian of Italy

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S.A. Vasilyev - Institute for the History of Material Culture of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Dvortsovaya Naberezhnaya, 18, St. Petersburg, 191186, Russia
E-mail: sergevas@AV2791.spb.edu
ORCID: 0000-0003-4730-3300


УДК 902/904 
DOI: 10.31250/2658-3828-2019-1-8-17


ABSTRACT: The continuing hot debate in the Russian Paleolithic archaeological society connected with the definition of the “Eastern Epigravettian” brings up the necessity to characterize the “classical” Italian Epigravettian which is still little known in Russia. The paper presents a short summary of the main parameters of this Late Upper Paleolithic Mediterranean culture existed between 20 000 and 10 000 BP according to uncalibrated radiocarbon scale. It has been argued that sites distribution in the area was heavily affected by major paleoenvironmental changes such as decrease of mountain glaciers and inundation of huge land in the Adriatic. During this time span humans occupied Sicily. The Epigravettian sites are mostly represented by caves and rock shelters, while there are open-air habitation sites as well. Traces of domestic structures have been revealed. Three phases of culture development reflected in lithic inventories have been recognized. The general evolutionary trend especially during the Final Pleistocene was microlitization of the lithic industry. Discoveries of art objects are worth to mention. Among them engraved and painted pebbles and blocks are prevailed but there are several depictures of humans and animals on cave walls as well. The Epigravettian yielded a remarkable series of single and double burials accompanied by grave goods. Apart from Italy the Epigravettian sites are reported from the Southern France and Balkans. A comparative study of assemblages of Middle and Eastern Europe which are regarded as Epigravettian with the Mediterranean Epigravettian is still to be done. Key words: Italy, Mediterranean, Epigravettian, stone inventories, art, burials.

Keywords: Italy, Mediterranean, Epigravettian, stone inventories, art, burials.


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