A.V. Kolesnik. Gravettoid workshop of Vydylykha at the Severskii Donets

 Download  |  Go to Issue #2. 2019

 

Kolesnik Aleksandr Viktorovich. DonetskNationalUniversity (Donetsk, Ukraine).

E-mail: akolesnik2007 @ mail.ru

ORCID: 0000-0002-4933-8438

 

Abstract

The preconditions to economic zoning related to differences in organization of the flint processing can be detected in the South of Dnepr-Don interfluve area in the Upper Paleolithic. The rich sources of raw flint of cretaceous genesis promoted formation of micro-districts a number of workshops in the Donbas area where the surplus products were made. Also the workshops for maintenance of internal needs of local populations of hunters-collectors appeared. Such micro-districts were revealed in the Southern and Northwest Donbas. The circle of the Upper Paleolithic workshops includes the Vydylykha’s site at the middle SeverskiiDonetsRiver. The site was excavated during 2004–2005. The occupation layer of the workshop lies in the fossil soil in loess-like loam at the depth about 2 m. The dating of the fossil soil with the cultural remains is about 18–15 kyr BP (border of oxygen-isotope stage 3–2). The cultural remains are concentrated in small accumulations of the primary splitting products. A considerable quantity of flints can be combined in refitting models. They demonstrate an order of preparation and splitting of the lithic cores to plates. The face chipping of plates was the most frequently used way of chipping. One half-finished lithic core (refitting model 1, excavation II) is similar to the classical lithic core-gigantolithics of the Upper Paleolithic. The technology of flint plates making is obviously related to so-called gravettoid technologies of lithic core splitting.

 

Key words: Upper Paleolithic, Donbas, workshop, flintknapped, Eastern Gravettian

 

DOI: 10.31250/2658-3828-2019-2-8-39

 

References

Bagaley, D.I., Predisloviye k arkheologicheskoy karte Kharkovskoy gubernii. Obyasnitelnyy tekst k arkheologicheskoy karte Kharkovskoy gubernii [Preface to the Archaeological Map of the KharkovProvince. Explanatory Text to the Archaeological Map of the KharkovProvince], in: Trudy XII Arkheologiceskogo Siezda, Moscow: MAO Publ., 1905, vol. 1, pp. 1–92, (in Russian).

Binford, L.R., O’Connel, J.F., An Alyawara Day: The Stone Quarry, in: Debating Archaeology, comp. by L.R. Binford. San Diego, Calif.: Academic Press, 1989, pp. 121–148.

Gerasimenko, N.P., Razvitiye zonalnykh landshaftov chetvertichnogo perioda na territorii Ukrainy [Development of Zonal Landscapes of the Quaternary Period on the Territory of Ukraine], Avtoreferat dissertatsii na soiskanie uchenoi stepeni doktora geograficheskikh nauk, Kiev: Institut geografii NANUkrainy Publ., 2004, 41 p., (in Russian).

Girya, E.Yu., Tekhnologicheskii analiz kamennoi industrii Zaraiskoi stoianki [Technological Analysis of the Stone Industry of the Zaraiskaya Settlement], Rossiiskaia arkheologiia, 1997, no. 4, pp. 17–34, (in Russian).

Gorelik, A.F., Pamyatniki Rogaliksko-Peredelskogo rayona. Problemy finalnogo paleolita Yugo-Vostochnoy Ukrainy [Sites of the Rogaliksko-Peredelsky District. Problems of the Final Paleolithic of South-Eastern Ukraine], Kiev; Lugansk: RIO LIVD Publ., 2001, 366 p., (in Russian).

Gorelik, A.F., Degermendzhi, S.M., Nekotoryye metodicheskiye priyemy ispolzovannyye v obrabotke materialov neoliticheskoy stoyanki-masterskoy Staritsa XVIII v Podontsovye [Some Methodological Used in the Processing of Materials of the Neolithic Station-Workshop Staritsa XVIII in Donets Region], Stratum plus, 2012, no. 2, pp. 193–204, (in Russian).

Kolesnik, A.V., N.V. Sibiliev i S.N. Odintsova: grani odnoy sudby [N.V. Sibiliev and S.N. Odintsova: Verges of one Fate], in: Svyatogіrskiy almanakh 2009, Donetsk: Donbas, Vash іmіdzh Publ., 2009, pp. 174–188, (in Russian).

Kolesnik, A.V., Remontazh tortsovogo nukleusa pozdnego paleolita iz masterskoy Vydylykha [Refitting Model of the Upper Paleolithic Core from the Workshop of Vydylykha], in: Svyatogіrskiy almanakh 2015, Donetsk: Donbas, Vash іmіdzh Publ., 2015, pp. 81–86, (in Russian).

Kolesnik, A.V., Pozdnepaleoliticheskaya masterskaya v urochishche Vydylykha v srednem techenii Severskogo Dontsa. Raskop V(3a) [Upper Paleolithic Workshop in the Vydylyha Site in the Middle Reaches of the Seversky Donets. Excavation V (3a)], in: Svyatogirskiy almanakh 2016, Kharkiv; Kyiv: FOP Panov A.M., Dionіs-Plius Publ., 2016, pp, 31–44, (in Russian).

Kolesnik, A.V., Pozdnepaleoliticheskaya masterskaya Vydylykha na Severskom Dontse [Upper Paleolithic Workshop of Vydylykha on the Seversky Donets], in: Estestvennonauchnyye metody v izuchenii pamyatnikov Kostenkovsko-Borshchevskogo konferentsii (Voronezh. 15-17 sentyabrya 2016), Voronezh: Izdatelskiy dom VGU Publ., 2017, pp. 155–169, (in Russian).

Kolesnik, A.V., Kremneobrabatyvayushcheye proizvodstvo Bolshogo Donbassa v kamennom veke [Flint-Processing Production of the Big Donbass in the Stone Age], Avtoreferat dissertatsii na soiskanie uchenoi stepeni doktora istoricheskikh nauk, St. Petersburg: IIMK RANPubl., 2017, 53 p., (in Russian).

Kolesnik, A.V., Sopryazhennaya gruppa metodov rasshchepleniya nukleusov v masterskikh pozdnego paleolita Donbassa [Conjugate Group of Core Splitting Methods in the Workshops of the Upper Paleolithic of Donbass], in: Chernykh I.N. (ed.), Tverskoy arkheologicheskiy sbornik. Vypusk 11. Materialy 20-go zasedaniy nauchno-metodicheskogo seminara «Tverskaya zemlya i sopredelnyye territorii v drevnosti», Tver: Triada Publ., 2018, pp. 477–485, (in Russian).

Kolesnik, A.V., Koval, Yu.G., Davydenko, V.V., Pozdnepaleoliticheskaya kremeneobrabatyvayushchaya masterskaya v Teplinskom lesu (sredneye techeniye Severskogo Dontsa) [Upper Paleolithic Flint Workshop in the TeplinskyForest (Middle Part of the SeverskyDonetsRiverValley)], in: Arkheologicheskiy almanakh, vol. 19, Donetsk: Apeks Publ., 2009, pp. 201–210, (in Russian).

Kolesnik, A.V., Koval, Yu.G., Girya, E.Yu., Morfologiya produktov pervichnogo rasshchepleniya i kratniy tekhnologicheskiy analiz [Morphology of Knapping Products and Brief Technological Analysis], in: Visla Balka — pozdnepaleoliticheskiy pamyatnik na Severskom Dontse, Arkheologicheskiy almanakh, vol. 11, Donetsk: Donetskii oblastnoi kraevedcheskii muzei Publ., 2002, pp. 98–135, (in Russian).

Kolesnik, A.V., Leonova, N.B., Strukturnyye elementy pamyatnika i planigraficheskiy analiz [Structural Elements of the Monument and Space Distribution Analysis], in: Visla Balka — pozdnepaleoliticheskiy pamyatnik na Severskom Dontse, Arkheologicheskiy almanakh, vol. 11, Donetsk: Donetskii oblastnoi kraevedcheskii muzei Publ., 2002, pp. 29–97, (in Russian).

Kolesnik, A.V., Veselskiy, A.P., Cherkasskoye — kompleksnyy pamyatnik arkheologii v basseyne Severskogo Dontsa [Cherkassy — Complex Archeology Site in the Basin of the Seversky Donets], in: Arkheologicheskiy almanakh, vol. 17, Donetsk: Lebed’ Publ., 2005, 168 p., (in Russian).

Kolesnik, A.V., Votyakova, O.L., Gerasimenko, N.P., Snezhko, I.A., Novaya pozdnepaleoliticheskaya masterskaya v ur. Vydylykha na Severskom Dontse (predvaritelnoye soobshcheniye) [New Upper Paleolithic Workshop in Vydylykh Site of Seversky Donets Region (Preliminary Report)], in: Doslіdzhennya pervіsnoi arkheologіi v Ukrainі (Do 50-rіchchya vіdkrittya paleolіtichnoi stoyanki Radomishl), Kyiv: Korvіn press Publ., 2008, pp. 27–35, (in Russian).

Leonova, N.B., Kharakter skopleniy kremnya na kremneobrabatyvayushchikh masterskikh [Types of the Flint’s Concentration in the Workshops], in: Vestnik Moskovskogo universiteta, Moscow, 1980, Seriia 8, Istoriya, no. 5, pp. 67–79, (in Russian).

Mikheyev, V.K., Podonye v sostave Khazarskogo kaganata [Donets Region in the Composition of the Khazar Khaganate], Kharkov: Vishcha shkola Publ., 1985, 148 p., (in Russian).

Pletneva, S.A., Ot kocheviy k gorodam. Saltovo-mayatskaya kultura [From Nomads to Cities. Saltovo-Mayak Culture] (Materialy i issledovaniia po arkheologii SSSR, no. 142), Moscow: Nauka Publ., 1967, 197 p., (in Russian).

Sіbіliov, M.V., Pіdsumki doslіdzhen paleolіtichnikh і neolіtichnikh stoyanok baseynu r. Dontsya [Results of Research of Paleolithic and Neolithic Sites of Donets River Basin], in: Naukovі Zapiski Іnstitutu іstorіi і arkheologіi Ukraini, Kyiv, 1946, pp. 29–37, (in Ukrainian).

Sіbіliov, M.V., Arkheologіchnі pam’yatki na Dіntsі v zv’yazku z pokhodami Volodimira Monomakha ta Іgorya Sіverskogo [Archaeological Monuments on the Seversky Donets River Related to the Military Campaigns of Volodymyr Monomakh and Igor Siversky], Arkheologіia, 1950, vol. 4, pp. 99–114, (in Ukrainian).

Telegіn, D.Ya., Dukhin, O.Y., Kravchenko, E.E., Obstezhennya poselen epokhi mіdі, bronzi і rannoslov’yanskogo chasu na Sіverskomu Dіntsі [Excavation of the Settlement of Paleometall Epoch and Early Slavian Age on the SeverskyDontsBasin], Arkheologіia, 1997, no. 2, pp. 43–147, (in Ukrainian).