N.D. Burova, A.A. Bessudnov, A.N. Bessudnov. Zooarchaeological analysis of large mammals bone remains from the Late Upper Palaeolithic site of Divnogor’ye 1 (Voronezh region)

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Burova Natalia Dmitrievna. Institute for the History of Material Culture RAS (Saint-Petersburg,  Russian Federation).

E-mail: ikb @ mail.ru

ORCID 0000-0001-9187-2055

Bessudnov Alexander Alexandrovich. Institute for the History of Material Culture RAS (Saint-Petersburg, Russian Federation).

E-mail: bessudnov_a22 @ mail.ru

ORCID 0000-0002-3785-6342

Bessudnov Alexander Nikolaevich. LipetskState Pedagogical P. Semenov-Tyan-Shansky University (Lipetsk, Russian Federation).

E-mail: bessudnov_an @ mail.ru

ORCID 0000-0002-6235-5451

 

Abstract

The paper presents results of zooarchaeological study of the bone assemblages of the large mammals from the Late Upper Paleolithic site of Divnogor’ye 1 (Voronezh region, Russia). The analyses of the skeletal-parts frequencies, patterns of bones fragmentation, burned remains and cut marks reveals that the faunal assemblages at Divnogor’ye 1 resulted from human hunting activity focused mainly on large ungulates. Basically large and most valuable from the nutritional point of view parts of carcasses were brought to the site by people. Obviously later these supplies were transported to other destinations. Thus, Divnogor’ye 1 can be defined as a short-term, probably, seasonal camp-site. According to our preliminary data, the site was occupied during the summer (warm) period of year. The high degree of weathering and the presence of carnivore gnawing on bones indicate a long period of bone remains staying on the ancient ground surface before they were naturally buried.

 

Key words: zooarchaeological analysis, Late Upper Palaeolithic, Divnogor’ye 1, bone assemblage, short-term camp-site.

 

DOI: 10.31250/2658-3828-2019-2-40-65

 

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