V.G. Moiseyev, A.V. Zubova, Constanza de la Fuente, O.V. Yanshina, M.S. Kishkurno, T.A. Chikisheva. Origins of indigenous peoples of Sakhalin and Hokkaido according to new cranial metric and genetic data

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Moiseyev Vyacheslav Grigorievich. Peter the GreatMuseum of Anthropology and Ethnography (the Kunstkamera)  RAS (Saint-Petersburg, Russian Federation).

E-mail: vmoiseyev @ mail.ru

ORCID: 0000-0003-1748-2686

ZubovaAlisaVladimirovna. Peter the GreatMuseum of Anthropology and Ethnography (the Kunstkamera)  RAS (Saint-Petersburg, Russian Federation).

E-mail: zubova_al @ mail.ru

ORCID: 0000-0002-7981-161X

De la Fuente Constanza. University of Chicago (Chicago, USA).

E-mail: c.delafuentec @ gmail.com

ORCID: 0000-0002-2857-3615

Yanshina Oksana Vadimovna. Peter the GreatMuseum of Anthropology and Ethnography (the Kunstkamera)  RAS (Saint-Petersburg, Russian Federation).

E-mail: oyanshina @ mail.ru

ORCID: 0000-0003-1121-308X

Kishkurno Mariia Sviatoslavovna. Institute of archaeology and ethnography of Siberian branch of RAS (Novosibirsk, Russian Federation).

E-mail: kishkurno_maria @ mail.ru

ORCID: 0000-0002-0309-7413

Chikisheva Tatiana Alekseevna. Institute of archaeology and ethnography of Siberian branch of RAS (Novosibirsk, Russian Federation).

E-mail: chikisheva @ ngs.ru

ORCID: 0000-0003-1985-1369

 

Abstract

The study is focused on population history of ancient and historical groups from Sakhalin and Hokkaido. We tested biological relationships between ancient populations of the Japanese archipelago of the Jōmon, Epi-Jōmon, Satsumon and Okhotsk periods and historical Ainu people using multidimensional analysis of the cranial metric characteristics. The results of statistical analysis support earlier suggestion on existence of significant morphological differences between Sakhalin and Hokkaido Ainu. Hokkaido Ainu are closely related to the ancient Hokkaido Jomon population which decedents in Epi-Jōmon period admixed with Satsumon newcomers. In contrast Sakhalin Ainu morphologically are closely related to Okhotsk people. Two hypotheses concerning origin of Sakhalin Ainu can be suggested. First, they can be straight descendants of the Hokkaido Okhotsk populations those adopted proto-Ainu language and culture during their centuries ride over Hokkaido or they can include Okhotsk-related biological component after their arrival to Sakhalin. To estimate probability of each scenario new stud ies based on data of different morphological and genetic markers are needed. The preliminary results of genetic study of the Epi-Jōmon sample from Iturup revealed its close genetic relationships with modern Koryaks and Itelmens. This finding is basically supported by results of cranial analysis.

 

Key words: cranial metrics, genetics, population history Jōmon, Epi-Jōmon, Satsumon, Sakhalin Ainu, Hokkaido Ainu, Koryaks, Okhotsk culture.

 

DOI: 10.31250/2658-3828-2019-2-137-146

 

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