A.V. Sleptsova. Origin and chronological dynamic of the populations of the Sargat Early Iron Age West Siberian culture: dental evidence

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Sleptsova Anastasiia Viktorovna. Institute of the Problems of Northern Development, Tyumen Scientific Centre of Siberian Branch RAS (Tyumen, Russian Federation).

E-mail: sleptsova_1993 @ mail.ru

 ORCID: 0000-0001-5791-248X

 

Abstract

The article presents the results of analysis of dental non-metric characteristics of the populations of the West Siberian Sargat culture. The study is based on multivariate analysis of dental non-metric traits of 426 individuals from the burial sites located in the area between the Tobol, Irtysh, and Ishim rivers including the Baraba steppe-forest region. The results of the analysis reveal that populations of the Sargat culture are closely related to the nomadic Sarmatian groups. The maximum similarity to the Sarmatians is observed in the early sample from the Baraba forest-steppe zone while in Tobol area at the early stages of the Sargat culture the Sarmatian influence was less significant according to dental than archaeological data. Dental data suggest that the Sargat populations are hardly related to the Late Bronze Age forest-steppe populations of West Siberia. It also can be argued that similarity between Tobol and Novosibirsk Ob populations can not be explained by common origin from the local Bronze Age ancestors but resulted from inter-group cross marriages. The analysis of dental series of the middle period of the Sargat culture demonstrates the beginning of consolidation of the Sargat people, which was facilitated by numerous cross-contacts between Sargat groups. The final stage of this process is observed in the late period of the culture existence. The Sargat samples of the late period from different areas demonstrated higher level of inter-group similarity than samples of the early and late periods. However, dental characteristic in each focal area demonstrated population continuity between middle and late periods of the Sargat culture.

 

Key words: West Siberia, Early Iron Age, Sargat culture, dental non-metrics, Sarmatians.

 

DOI: 10.31250/2658-3828-2020-1-139-155

 

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