M.G. Zhilin, L.L. Kosinskaya, O.V. Ryzhkova, S.N. Savchenko, E.A. Ustinova. Neolithic complex of the site Beregovaya IIat the Gorbunovski peat bog and problems of the Neolithic of the Trans-Urals

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Zhilin Mikhail Gennadievich. Institute of Archaeology RAS (Moscow, Russian Federation).

E-mail: mizhilin @ yandex.ru

ORCID: 0000-0002-3891-2959

 

Kosinskakaya Liubov' L'vovna. Ural Federal University (Ekaterinburg, Russian Federation).

E-mail: ver2142 @ yandex.ru

ORCID: 0000-0003-3316-2041

 

Ryzhkova Ol'ga Vasil'evnaNizhnyi Tagil state social-pedagogical institute  (Nizhnyi Tagil, Russian Federation).

E-mail: olimp_a49 @ mail.ru

ORCID: 0000-0001-6177-5764

 

Savchenko Svetlana Nikolaevna. Sverdlovsk Regional Museum of Local Lore (Ekaterinburg, Russian Federation).

E-mail: sv-sav @ yandex.ru

ORCID: 0000-0001-8357-39442

 

Ustinova Elena Aleksandrovna. Nizhny Tagil Museum of fine arts (Nizhnyi Tagil, Russian Federation).

E-mail: uea1957 @ yndex.ru

ORCID: 0000-0002-6893-4657

 

Abstract

The site Beregovaya II is situated in the Middle Trans-Urals on the promontory of the mineral shore of the Gorbunovo peat bog. It was first investigated in 1944. Nowadays 152 m2 are excavated in the upper part on the promontory, and 172 m2 in the peat bog part of the site under the promontory. Excavated materials are dated from the Mesolithic to the Iron Age. This article presents results of stratigraphic and planigraphic analyses of the upper part of the site and the peat bog part; typological and technological analyses of finds and correlation of materials from the upper and peat bog parts. This made possible to characterize Early Neolithic pottery, stone inventory, and bone artefacts. Joint deposition of different pottery types in the same layer, dated to the end of the 7th millennium cal BC is established, and some problems of the Neolithic of the Trans-Urals are discussed. An attempt of reconstruction of use of different parts of Beregovaya II site during the Neolithic is undertaken.

 

Key words: Early Neolithic, Trans-Urals, Gorbunovo peat bog, Beregovaya II site, ceramic, stone and bone inventory.

 

DOI: 10.31250/2658-3828-2020-1-27-60 

 

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