N.A. Aleksashenko. Bone objects with zoomorphic images from Ust-Poluy: features of use

 Download  |  Back to Volume #1. 2018


Aleksashenko Natalia Anatol'evna – Specialist in research work of the Storage Department. Peter the Great Museum of Anthropology and Ethnography (the Kunstkamera) RAS, Saint-Petersburg, Russia.

E-mail: sas-natalya()yandex.ru

ORCID: 0000-0003-3317-9978



The article is devoted to use-wear analysis of the things with zoomorphic images from Ust-Poluy. Images were made in the form of round and flat sculpture and one-sided relief. The article examines the particular features of using such items in comparison with objects that have no decoration. Also, the article raises the question of the possibilities of the use-wear analysis in the study of materials from the sacred places. As a result of the use-wear analysis, it was found that objects with zoomorphic images were used intensively for a longer time than objects with similar functions, but without decoration.


Key words: Ust-Poluy, bone things, round sculpture, zoomorphic images, use-wear analysis, function of the things.


DOI: https://doi.org/10.33291/26583828.2018-(1)-3



  • Adrianov, V.S., Raskopki u Sale-Kharde v 1935g. [Excavations near Salekhard in 1935], Sovetskaia arkheologiia, 1936a, no. 1, p. 278., (in Russian).
  • Adrianov, V.S.,Razvedochnaia raskopka v ust’e reki Poluia u g. Sale-Kharda [Exploratory Excavations at the Mouth of the Poluya River near Salekhard], Leningrad., 1936b, 4 p., (in Russian).
  • Adrianov, V.S., Pamiatniki drevnego poseleniia [Ancient Settlement Sites], Sovetskaia Arktika, 1936c, no. 8, pp. 111–112., (in Russian).
  • Aleksashenko, N.A., “Zhuravlik” s Ust’-Poluia [Ust-Poluy “Crane”], in: Obrazy i sakral’noe prostranstvo drevnikh epoch, Ekaterinburg: Akva-Press, 2003, pp. 29–30., (in Russian).
  • Aleksashenko, N.A., Ust’-Polui: tekhnika khudozhestvennoi rez’by po kosti [Ust-Poluy: Technique of Bone Carving], Ural’skii istoricheskii vestnik, 2006a, no. 14, pp. 105–117., (in Russian).
  • Aleksashenko, N.A., Kostianye izdeliia Ust’-Poluia iz sobraniia MAE RAN (rezul’taty trasologicheskogo izucheniia) [Ust-Poluy Bone Items from the Collection of the Museum of Anthropology and Ethnography of the Russian Academy of Sciences (Results of Trasological Study)], in: Svod arkheologicheskikh istochnikov Kunstkamery, vol. 1. St. Petersburg: MAE RAS, 2006b, pp. 265–301., (in Russian).
  • Gondatti, N.L.,Sledy iazychestva u inorodtsev Severo-Zapadnoi Sibiri [Paganism Signs Among the Indigenous Population of North-Western Siberia], Moscow, tip. E.G. Potapova, 1888, 91 p., (in Russian).
  • Gusev, An.V., Kollektsiia izdelii iz kosti i roga po materialam raskopok 1993–1995, 2006–2015 gg. [Collection of Items Made of Bone and Horn Based on the Materials Found During the Excavations in 1993–1995, 2006–2015.], in: Arkheologiia Arktikivol. 4. Ust’-Polui: materialy i issledovaniia, Part. 2, Ekaterinburg: Delovaia pressa, 2017, pp. 4–103., (in Russian).
  • Moshinskaia, V.I., Material’naia kul’tura i khoziaistvo Ust’-Poluia [Ust-Poluy Material Culture and Economy], in: Materialy i issledovaniia po arkheologii SSSR, no. 35, Drevniaia istoriia Nizhnego Priob’ia, 1953, pp. 72–106., (in Russian).
  • Moshinskaia, V.I., Arkheologicheskie pamiatniki severa Zapadnoi Sibiri [Archaeological Sites of the North of Western Siberia], Svod arkheologicheskikh istochnikov, Moscow: Nauka, 1965, vol. D3-8, 88 p., (in Russian).
  • Moshinskaia, V.I., Drevniaia skul’ptura Urala i Zapadnoi Sibiri [Ancient Sculpture of the Urals and Western Siberia], Moscow: Nauka, 1976, 130 p., (in Russian).
  • Fedorova, N.V., Na zare vremen [At the Dawn of Time], in: Iamal: gran’ vekov i tysiacheletii: populiarnyi illiustrirovannyi ocherk istorii kraia s drevneishikh vremen, Salekhard: Artvid, St. Petersburg: Russkaia kollektsiia, 2000, pp. 253–327., (in Russian).
  • Fedorova, N.V., Olen’, sobaka, kulaiskii fenomen i legenda o sikhirtia [A Deer, a Dog, a Kulai Phenomenon and the Legend of Sihirtia], in: Drevnosti Iamala, vol. 1, Ekaterinburg, Salekhard: UrO RAN, 2000, pp. 54–66., (in Russian).
  • Fedorova, N.V., Iskusstvo Ust’-Poluia [Art of Ust-Poluy], Nauchnyi vestnik Iamalo-Nenetskogo avtonomnogo okruga, 2008, vol. 9, no. 61, pp. 48–51., (in Russian).
  • Fedorova, N.V., Zoomorfnyi kod Ust’-Poluia [Zoomorphic Code of Ust-Poluy], in: Arkheologiia Arktikivol. 4. Ust’-Polui: materialy i issledovaniia, Part. 2, Ekaterinburg: Delovaia pressa, 2017, pp. 104–126., (in Russian).
  • Fedorova, N.V., Gusev, A.V., Drevnee sviatilishche Ust’-Polui: rezul’taty issledovanii 2006–2008 gg. [The Ancient Sanctuary of Ust-Poluy: Research Results of 2006–2008], Nauchnyi vestnik Iamalo-Nenetskogo avtonomnogo okruga, 2008, vol. 9, no. 61, pp. 3–36., (in Russian).