D.A. Ivanova, A.V. Tabarev. Burial Practice of Jōmon Epoch, Japanese Archipelago (based on the materials of Kitamura Site)

 Download  |  Back to Volume #1. 2018

 

Ivanova Daria Aleksandrovna – research engineer. Institute of archaeology and ethnography of Siberian branch of RASciences, Novosibirsk, Russia.

e-mail: nigthliro()bk.ru

ORCID: 0000-0002-2873-6664

 

Tabarev AndreVladimirovich – Holder of an Advanced Doctorate in History, Leading Researcher. Institute of archaeology and ethnography of Siberian branch of RAS, Novosibirsk, Russia.

e-mail: olmec()yandex.ru

ORCID: 0000-0002-6249-8057

 

Abstract

Jōmon (cal. 16 000–2800 BP) is a very important epoch of the ancient history of the Japanese Archipelago documented with the thousands of the archaeological sites. Of special interest are sites with burial complexes which allow addressing to the interpretation of the social structure of the Jōmon society. Kitamura Site (Nagano prefecture) is dated by Middle Jōmon (cal. 5300–4400 BP) is a unique source of anthropological and archaeological information. There are remains of dwellings, storage pits, working areas, and 469 burial features at the site. Burials are represented by earthen graves, graves with stone mounds, graves where the skeletons are partly covered with stone plaques or ceramic vessels, and human remains in vessels. A series of burials is stand out by its rich goods (stone axes, bifacies, arrow points, clay dogū figurines, fragments of stone mazes — sekibō), along with the spectacular neck adornments and bracelets from wild boar tucks. They strongly point of the developed “prestige technologies” and the appearance of tribal elite within the Middle Jōmon society. Burials at Kitamura Site demonstrate analogies with the Neolithic burial complexes in the Russian Far East (Boismana-2 Site, Maritime Region).

 

Key words: Japanese Archipelago, Jōmon, Kitamura Site, burials, pottery, adornments, tribal elite.

 

DOI: https://doi.org/10.33291/26583828.2018-(1)-4

 

References

  • Habu, J., Ancient Jomon of Japan, Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press, 2004, 332 p.
  • Ivanova, D.A., Pogrebal’no-obriadovaia praktika kul’tury dzemon v Severo-Vostochnoi i Tsentral’noi chastiakh Iaponskogo arkhipelaga [The Jomon Funeral Ritual Practice in the Northeast and Central Parts of the Japanese Archipelago], in: Drevnosti Azii i Ameriki (Tikhookeanskaia arkheologiia, vol. 22), Vladivostok: Izdatel’stvo dom Dal’nevostochnogo federal’nogo universiteta, 2012, pp. 114–137, (in Russian).
  • Ivanova, D.A., Popov, A.N., Tabarev, A.V., Vtorichnye pogrebeniia v glinianykh sosudakh v kul’ture dzemon na territorii Severnoi Iaponii [Secondary Burials in Clay Vessels in Jomon Culture on the Territory of Northern Japan], Vestnik Novosibirskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta, 2013, vol. 12, issue 5, pp. 146–156, (in Russian).
  • Matsumoto, N., Habu, J., Matsui, A., Subsistence, Sedentism, and Social Complexity among Jomon Hunter-Gatherers of the Japanese Archipelago, in: Handbook of East and Southeast Asian Archaeology, New York: Springer, 2017, pp. 437–450.
  • McKenzie, H., Popov, A.N., A Metric Assessment of Evidence for Artificial Cranial Modification at the Boisman 2 Neolithic Cemetery (ca. 5800–5400 14C BP), Primorye, Russian Far East, Quaternary International, 2016, vol. 405, part B, pp.210–221.
  • Naito, Y.I., Chikaraishi, Y., Ohcouchi, N., Yoneda, M., Evaluation of Carnivory in Inland Jomon Hunter-Gatherers Based on Nitrogen Isotopic Compositions of Individual Amino Acids in Bone Collagen, Journal of Archaeological Science, 2013, vol. 40, issue 7, pp. 2913–2923.
  • Owens, D’Ann, Hayden, B., Prehistoric Rites of Passage: A Comparative Study of Transegalitarian Hunter-Gatherers, Journal of Anthropological Archaeology, 1997, vol. 16, issue 2, pp. 121–161.
  • Popov, A.N., Tabarev, A.V., Neolithic Cultures of the Russian Far East: Technological Evolution and Cultural Sequence, Turkish Academy of Sciences Journal of Archaeology, 2008, vol. 11, pp. 41–62.
  • Popov, A.N., Tabarev, A.V., Pogrebal’nye kompleksy v rakovinnykh kuchakh na iuge Primor’ia [Funeral Complexes in Shell Mounds in the South of Primorye], Vestnik Novosibirskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta, 2010, vol. 9, issue 3, pp. 85–93, (in Russian).
  • Popov, A.N., Tabarev, A.V., Lords of the Shell Rings: Boisman Neolithic Culture, Russian Far East, in: Archéologie des chasseurs-cueilleurs maritimes de la fonction des habitats à l’organisation de l’espace littoral (Actes de la séance de la Société préhistorique française de Rennes, 10–11 avril 2014), Paris: Société préhistorique française, 2016, pp. 393–408.
  • Shigehara, N., Human Skeletal Remains of the Middle to Late Jomon Period Excavated from the Inland Kitamura Site, Nagano Prefecture, Anthropological Science, 1994, vol. 102, issue 4, pp. 321–344. Tabarev, A.V., Ustritsy i arkheologi (o termine “akvakul’tura’ v dal’nevostochnoi arkheologii) [Oysters and Archaeologists (on the Term of “Aquaculture” in Far Eastern Archeology)], Arkheologiia, etnografiia i antropologiia Evrazii, 2007, no. 4, pp. 52–59, (in Russian).
  • Tabarev, A.V., Traditsiia pogrebenii v sosudakh v ostrovnoi chasti Iugo-Vostochnoi Azii: proiskhozhdenie i areal’noe podrazdelenie [Burial Tradition in Vessels in the Island Part of Southeast Asia: Origin and Areal division], in: Problemy arkheologii, etnografii, antropologii Sibiri i sopredel’nykh territorii, Novosibirsk: Izdatel’stvo Instituta arkheologii i etnografii SO RAN, 2017, vol. 23, pp. 409–412, (in Russian).
  • Tabarev, A.V., Ivanova, D.A., Dzemon, Iaponskii arkhipelag: Kul’tura? Traditsiia? Epokha? [Jomon, JapaneseArchipelago: Culture? Tradition? Epoch?], in: Razvitie vzgliadov na interpretatsiiu arkheologicheskogo istochnika. Tezisy dokladov Vserossiiskoi nauchnoi konferentsii, Moscow: Izdatel’stvo Instituta arkheologii RAN, 2016, pp. 69–70, (in Russian).