D.A. Ivanova, A.V. Tabarev. Burial Practice of Jōmon Epoch, Japanese Archipelago (based on the materials of Kitamura Site)

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Ivanova Daria Aleksandrovna – research engineer. Institute of archaeology and ethnography of Siberian branch of RASciences, Novosibirsk, Russia.

e-mail: nigthliro()bk.ru

ORCID: 0000-0002-2873-6664


Tabarev AndreVladimirovich – Holder of an Advanced Doctorate in History, Leading Researcher. Institute of archaeology and ethnography of Siberian branch of RAS, Novosibirsk, Russia.

e-mail: olmec()yandex.ru

ORCID: 0000-0002-6249-8057



Jōmon (cal. 16 000–2800 BP) is a very important epoch of the ancient history of the Japanese Archipelago documented with the thousands of the archaeological sites. Of special interest are sites with burial complexes which allow addressing to the interpretation of the social structure of the Jōmon society. Kitamura Site (Nagano prefecture) is dated by Middle Jōmon (cal. 5300–4400 BP) is a unique source of anthropological and archaeological information. There are remains of dwellings, storage pits, working areas, and 469 burial features at the site. Burials are represented by earthen graves, graves with stone mounds, graves where the skeletons are partly covered with stone plaques or ceramic vessels, and human remains in vessels. A series of burials is stand out by its rich goods (stone axes, bifacies, arrow points, clay dogū figurines, fragments of stone mazes — sekibō), along with the spectacular neck adornments and bracelets from wild boar tucks. They strongly point of the developed “prestige technologies” and the appearance of tribal elite within the Middle Jōmon society. Burials at Kitamura Site demonstrate analogies with the Neolithic burial complexes in the Russian Far East (Boismana-2 Site, Maritime Region).


Key words: Japanese Archipelago, Jōmon, Kitamura Site, burials, pottery, adornments, tribal elite.


DOI: https://doi.org/10.33291/26583828.2018-(1)-4



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