M.S. Kishkurno. The origin of Kamenskaya culture population from the Novosibirsk Ob region according to dental data from the burial-ground Bystrovka -3 (III–I centuries BC)

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Kishkurno Mariia Sviatoslavovna – Junior Researcher. Institute of archaeology and ethnography of Siberian branch of RASciences, Novosibirsk, Russia.

E-mail: kishkurno_maria()mail.ru

ORCID: 0000-0002-0309-7413

 

Abstract

The article is devoted to the discussion of the results that was obtained from the anthropological study of the materials from the burial mound Bystrovka-3, dated III–I centuries BC. The burial ground is located in the Novosibirsk Ob area, in Iskitimsky region, 900 m north-east from the village Bystrovka, near the road Bystrovka— Burmistrovo—Iskitim. The main goal of the work is the introduction of the dental collection from the burial ground of Bystrovka-3 to the scientific circulation to clarify the composition and genesis of the Kamenskaya culture population from the territory of the Novosibirsk Ob region, and also to assess the contribution of local populations to the studying groups. Collection was studied according to the standard odontological program developed by A.A. Zubov, and also according to the program of archaic dental markers, developed by A.V. Zubova. Obtained results demonstrated the predominance of the autochthonous component, connected with the Upper Palaeolithic South Siberian populations, and preserved in the Bronze Age in the Okunevskaya culture population of the Khakas-Minusinsk Basin. Also, comparative intergroup comparison of the studying serie with groups of bronze and Early Iron epochs of the Western Siberia by means of factor analysis was carried out. As a result, the prevalence of the local ancient component in the composition of the Bystrovka-3 series were concluded. Also, it was also concluded that the migrant Andron component was practically completely dissolved till the I century BC.

 

Key words: Early Iron Age, Novosibirsk Ob region, Kamenskaya culture, dental anthropology, archaic features, Southern Siberian dental complex.

 

DOI: https://doi.org/10.33291/26583828.2018-(1)-9

 

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