E.V. Leonova. Sosruco Rockshelter: revision of materials of the excavation by S.N. Zamiatnin and the Upper Horizons Radiocarbon Chronology

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E.V. Leonova - Institute of Archaeology RAS, Moscow, Russian Federation
E-mail: lenischa @ yandex.ru
ORCID: 0000-0002-7343-5422

 

Abstract

The new radiocarbon dates were obtained from samples of the collections from the excavations by S.N. Zamyatnin in 1955–1957 of the Sosruko Rockshelter in the Elbrus region. The Sosruko Rockshelter is a multi-layered site containing cultural horizons of the Iron Age, Mesolithic and Late Upper Palaeolithic. Clear stratigraphy of the Stone Age layers and representative collections were used to create periodization schemes of the development and change of the lithic industries of the late Pleistocene — early Holocene of the Caucasus. But the lack of radiocarbon dating did not allow determining their absolute age. Three samples of faunal remains of layers M1, M2 and M3 were analyzed. Obtained four radiocarbon AMS dates are in agreement not only with the sequence of deposits in the Rockshelter, but also with the data obtained for similar typological collections of the North-West Caucasus synchronous sites.

 

Key words: Central Caucasus, Late Pleistocene, Early Holocene, radio-carbon AMS dates, chronology, lithic industries.

 

DOI: 10.31250/2658-3828-2021-1-101-119

 

For сitation: Sosruco Rockshelter: revision of materials of the excavation by S.N. Zamiatnin and the Upper Horizons Radiocarbon Chronology. Camera praehistorica, 2021, no. 1 (6), рр. 101–119. DOI: 10.31250/2658- 3828-2021-1-101-119.

 

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